Legislation Legal  
Bird-Friendly Legislation Introduced  
on Local and National Levels  
New Jersey assemblyman has in-  
troduced a bill that would require  
certain buildings in Hackensack  
Meadowlands to use bird-friendly glass  
or other design techniques to reduce  
bird collisions.A related federal bill has  
also been re-introduced after previous  
repeated attempts.  
obscuring vision, ultraviolet (UV)  
patterned glass that contains UV-re-  
flective or contrasting patterns that  
are visible to birds, patterns on glass  
designed in accordance with a rule  
that restricts horizontal spaces to  
less than 2 inches high and vertical  
spaces to less than 4 inches wide,  
opaque, etched, stained, frosted, or  
translucent glass,or any combination  
of these methods (modified glass);  
• At least 60 percent of the exposed  
facade material above 40 feet shall  
meet such glass standard;  
• There shall not be any transparent  
passageways or corners;  
• All glass adjacent to atria or court-  
yards containing water features,  
plants, and other materials attrac-  
tive to birds shall meet the modified  
glass standard; and  
The proposed legislation in New  
Jersey comes months after design ren-  
derings of the revitalized multi-billion-  
dollar American Dream megamall  
project were released, showing the  
large Meadowlands-based structure  
with large glass enclosures and fa-  
cades. The project isn’t mentioned in  
the bill, though it has drawn scrutiny  
from groups such as the Bergen County Meadowlands as “a birding hotspot,  
Audubon Society, which called the where more than 285 species have  
building a potential “bird-killer.”  
The bill was introduced by Democrat are listed as threatened,endangered,or  
been seen, including 34 species that  
Tim Eustace of the state’s 38th district. species of special concern.” The bird- Outside lighting shall be appropri-  
ing rates because they cannot see clear apply to single-family homes or multi-  
Birds crash into buildings at alarm- friendly glass requirement would not  
ately shielded and minimized.  
This bill exempts “historic buildings  
or reflective glass and mistake it for family buildings of three stories or less. of national significance,” as well as the  
clear air space,” it reads. “During the  
daytime, birds collide with windows Action on the FederAl level  
because they see reflections of the  
White House and its grounds, the Su-  
preme Court building and its grounds,  
U.S. House Representatives Mike or the U.S.Capitol and its related build-  
landscape, such as clouds, sky, vegeta- Quigley (D-Illinois) and Morgan Grif- ings and grounds.  
tion or the ground in the glass, or they fith (R-Virginia) also re-introduced  
“By pursuing cost-neutral, responsi-  
see through glass to ‘habitat,’ includ- the Federal Bird-Safe Buildings Act, ble, and realistic solutions, we can play  
ing potted plants or vegetation inside which has been proposed to Congress an important role in preserving the  
buildings, or to sky on the other side.” in every session since 2010, according intrinsic, cultural, and ecological value  
It notes that glass buildings can be to Quigley’s office.  
birds bring to our society,” Quigley  
bird-friendly by “using glass that is The act requires each public build- said in a statement. “This bill will put  
opaque or that contains patterns or ing that is constructed, substantially an emphasis on constructing buildings  
films that are opaque on one side and altered, or acquired by the General with bird-safe materials and design  
mostly clear on the other, or by incor- Services Administration to meet the features, which in turn will help eradi-  
porating special lighting systems.” It following standards:  
points to a United States Fish and Wild- At least 90 percent of the exposed collisions with glass.”  
The United States Fish and Wild-  
cate unnecessary bird deaths caused by  
life Service (USFWS) best-practices  
document that was issued last year as  
guidance, as well as a LEED credit for  
bird-collision deterrence.  
facade material from ground level  
to 40 feet shall not be composed of life Service (USFWS) estimates more  
glass or shall be composed of glass than 300 million birds are killed each  
employing elements that preclude year as a result of collisions with  
bird collisions without completely building glass. n  
The bill refers to the Hackensack  
USGlass, Metal & Glazing | July 2017  

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