Knowledge  
is Power  
Increasing Awareness is the Key to Glazing’s Future in Schools  
by Ellen Rogers  
—that’s the number of school shootings that have occurred in  
2
23the U.S. since 2013, according to the organization Every Town  
for Gun Safety. That statistic doesn’t include the three deadliest U.S. school  
shootings: Virginia Tech in 2007 (33 killed); Sandy Hook Elementary in 2012  
(
28); and Columbine High School in 1999 (15).  
42  
USGlass, Metal & Glazing | June 2017  
www.usglassmag.com  
School Safety  
Consolidated Glass Holdings developed its Childgard product specifically for  
schools. It’s designed to withstand extensive physical attack in a forced entry  
scenario, delaying an intruder until first responders arrive.  
mind. However, many now say that in amount of inquiries in the first quarter  
the case of an active shooter event, for of 2013,”says Gil.“We didn’t track every  
example, there are far greater benefits single case, but a lot of those inquiries  
in products designed to delay entry, were for schools.” One thing Gil’s no-  
thereby increasing the amount of ticed, though, is that there was a high  
time for first responders to arrive. As level of confusion surrounding the dif-  
we know, every second matters.  
ferent product options.  
They wanted security, but didn’t  
Where We Were,  
What We Learned  
know what to ask for—ballistic versus  
bullet versus blast, etc. The [architects/  
In the aftermath of the Sandy Hook specifiers/consultants] merged them  
shooting, there’s been tremendous all into one category and didn’t under-  
discussion about what to do—and stand the different category and per-  
not do—when it comes to school formance levels, etc.,” says Gil.  
safety and security. Architects have  
What Sandy Hook did, according to  
evolved the way they look at school Thomas Niziolek, architectural seg-  
designs, and the glazing industry ment manager with Covestro, “was  
increasingly has focused on the ben- raise the visibility that these threats  
It’s been nearly five years since the efits—and importance of—their have been there … for children, ad-  
tragedy at Sandy Hook, and the ques- products in schools.  
tion is still out there: how do we make Hernán Gil, vice president of sales/ and [we realized] we had to provide  
schools safe and secure for children security and specialty glass with Con- advanced protection without min-  
and the occupants of the building? solidated Glass Holdings, says that imizing the learning environment.  
ministrators, parents, teachers …  
There is no easy answer, but we since Sandy Hook the number of in- Great schools have great daylight. So  
know that glass and glazing prod- quiries and awareness about school how do you provide both the protec-  
ucts have a significant role to play. security has increased significantly.  
Bullet-resistant and other types of “As a manufacturer, we saw an ap-  
protective glazing may first come to proximate 50 percent increase in the  
tion and education?”  
continued on page 44  
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June 2017 | USGlass, Metal & Glazing  
43  
Knowledge  
is Power  
continued from page 43  
There are definitely options.  
a niche market and most architects  
“The architects, particularly ones are not used to dealing with it on a  
who work on schools, may know about regular basis.”  
laminated glass, films or polycarbon-  
Gil says his company developed  
ate,” says Niziolek. “… We want day- its Childgard product specifically for  
light and we want glazing and we need school applications. It’s designed to  
to be secure. So on the administration delay entry. The price, he adds, is also  
side, school districts are becoming a little less expensive than some other  
Protection  
from the  
Inside  
more in tune.”  
The industry has also since learned  
types of protective security glazing.  
“In terms of price and performance,  
that delaying the intruder with it’s between laminated glass and more  
forced-entry glazing is the key.  
common detention products,” he says.  
Great schools have great daylight. So how do  
you provide both the protection and education?  
ntrances and lower-level win-  
dows are probably the first areas  
Emost people think about when it  
comes to the vulnerabihlity of school  
Thomas Niziolek, Covestro  
access points. But what about the in-  
side? What happens if an attacker  
The average time for authorities “We developed it with price and per- gains entry or is already inside? Safety  
to arrive on the scene is between five formance in mind. It’s important to and security for the interior is just as im-  
and seven minutes,” says Gil. “Some note that this type of product is for portant as the exterior.  
reports say that most incidents con- forced entry and is not ballistic rated.  
Given that schools also require fire-  
clude within five minutes, and a large Forced-entry construction products rated applications in a number of areas,  
amount even within two minutes … are designed to detain or prevent companies are now developing prod-  
the attacker goes away, is subdued, physical attack. They are not designed ucts with these needs in mind. Many are  
etc., but within a limited period of to stop bullets.”  
emerging that provide layers of protec-  
time the incidents stop. So instead of Niziolek stresses that it’s import- tion against multiple forms of attack.  
using ballistic products, you can force ant to not change the educational  
a delay … this prevails over ballistic environment.  
Vetrotech Saint-Gobain recently  
introduced Keralite SafeGuard,  
®
resistance …”  
“In some cases schools have con- which it calls an economical, fire-pro-  
strained budgets, so we need to help tective-rated glazing product that  
them understand the portfolio of op- combines protection against fire, acci-  
Balancing Act  
Despite the fact that these prod- tions available. We need to provide a dental impact, ballistics and intruders.  
ucts are available, they do come at means of safety in a comprehensive,  
“As of 2016, U.S. schools were re-  
a premium compared to traditional whole building,” he says. For exam- ported to have experienced more than  
glazing products. This can be a chal- ple, even the placement of landscap- 200 active shooter incidents, with an  
lenge to overcome because, as Gil ex- ing and shrubbery is a contributor to estimated emergency response time  
plains, price is almost always the first safety, he explains. “It’s a balance to of four to 12 minutes,” says Lindsay  
thing looked at.  
not change the educational environ- Hampton, Keralite product manager for  
We see a lot of requests, but the ment and have great daylighting and Vetrotech. “In addition, there are an esti-  
products are sometimes value-en- managing budgets.”  
mated 4,000 school building fires each  
gineered out because they are ex-  
When these products do make year. Keralite SafeGuard was created  
pensive,” says Gil.“We also see it [go it through design phases, there are to provide peace of mind against inten-  
from] being used in large spaces a number of places in the school tional and accidental threats that are  
down to smaller areas like front they’re commonly used. These in- increasingly common in public spaces.”  
lobbies or access points. The other clude lobby door areas and access  
As an intrusion barrier, the glass  
questions we get are about the bal- points, check points and lower-level deters or delays an active shooter to  
listics performance or forced-en- windows and doors. They’re also help prevent an attack or slow an at-  
try delay. There’s lots of education  
along those lines. Security glazing is  
tack until first responders arrive. In  
continued on page 47 bullet-resistance tests, SafeGuard did  
44  
USGlass, Metal & Glazing | June 2017  
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School Safety  
For interior applications that call for fire-rated glazing, Vetrotech Saint-Gobain  
has developed Keralite® SafeGuard, which combines protection against fire,  
accidental impact, ballistics and intruders.  
not shatter and, in the event of fire,  
contains smoke and flames, allowing  
more time for occupants to escape.  
During the product’s research and  
development, Hampton says they at-  
tended both the National School Board  
Association Conference and also met  
with the California School Board to  
learn more about the needs of schools.  
One thing they found is that daylight-  
ing remains important.  
Removing daylighting does not  
seem to be an option to the architec-  
tural community due to the benefits  
of natural daylighting,” says Hamp-  
ton. “The educational professionals  
and school board officials we talked  
to don’t want to eliminate windows; Products designed to help delay access have been tested showing they do not  
teachers cannot imagine being in a shatter, protecting occupants from injuries that can result from shattered glass.  
classroom with zero natural light.”  
This new product allows schools to tection while allowing occupants to see  
use an abundance of glass throughout what’s coming and react accordingly.”  
“We created this product to be af-  
fordable and attainable because it  
the interior in areas that require fire  
Along with standard accidental im- doesn’t require any additional fram-  
ratings. These can include areas of pact tests under CPSC 16CFR Part ing/openings,” says Hampton. “This  
egress such as stairwells and corridors 1201, Vetrotech tested SafeGuard in product can be retrofitted, and the cost  
from the main exit, as well as class- simulations designed to mimic attacks per square foot for glass is more at-  
rooms and areas used as safe rooms in which an intruder is attempting to tainable than bullet-resistant glazing.”  
(
libraries, cafeterias, etc.)  
Visibility is another benefit glazing testing showed the glass could with- products are not only expensive, but  
provides. stand the impact of a 300-pound per- also require bullet-resistant framing.  
In the case of an active shooter son. The ceramic glazes into standard We wanted to provide a fire-rated, in-  
without glass], a lack of visibility pre- fire door and window frames, and can trusion-resistant solution at an afford-  
vents those inside from knowing and be used in new construction as well as able price for schools that could also  
responding to the situation on the other retrofit applications. be readily installed in existing frames,  
side of the door, which can pose a sig- The main challenge for schools, how- and not require extensive retrofitting.”  
nificant danger to building occupants,” ever, is that many forms of protective The product is currently used for in-  
says Hampston. “Keralite SafeGuard glazing are expensive and not always terior applications only, though exterior  
gain access to a building. Additional  
She continues, “Bullet-resistant  
[
provides fire, impact and intrusion pro- an option due to budget constraints.  
products could be available in the future.  
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June 2017 | USGlass, Metal & Glazing  
45  
device to upgrade the security over pre-  
vious devices. “The most notable thing  
is our flat latch design of a roller wheel  
on a latch. The testing we have done  
clearly showed the flat latch as being  
superior, especially in openings that re-  
quire an electric strike. Proper installa-  
tion is also critical to security, and one  
of the things we learned was installers  
did not always set the latch strike en-  
gagement to the proper height. Our  
device incorporates two lines onto the  
latch that clearly shows the minimum  
and maximum amount of engagement  
of the device.”  
Hardware  
Selection for  
Increased  
Security  
Locking door pulls have also be-  
come very popular. These can be used  
on classrooms or offices. Some of  
these also have an anti-pick function  
that prevents someone from simply  
being able to push up the bolt.  
Another option is center lock hous-  
ing. This clamps onto a cut-out in the  
glass door and allows for use of a mor-  
tise lock and lever on the door. Vari-  
ous functions are available in these  
latches: Passage, Entry and Office.  
With the Office function, someone can  
quickly secure the door with a thumb  
turn to keep people out while still al-  
lowing quick exit via the lever handle.  
In addition, the Adams Rite 1050 digi-  
tal door lock clamps onto glass and does  
not require special prep work. It’s used  
on single or double doors and has an in-  
here are many options when it center. While glass is physically easier terface that looks similar to an iPhone.  
comes to ensuring safety and to penetrate than steel, there are ad- Looking forward, school designs will  
security in schools. Glass and vantages to being able to see what’s likely continue to call for more and more  
glazing products are just the start. going on inside of rooms in public set- levels of security and access control.  
Hardware can also play a big part. Ac- tings like this.” This, according to Thompson, will likely  
cording to Doug Thompson, general Many product options are available mean an increased need for the integra-  
manager with Rockwood Manufac- that can be incorporated into school tion of security products into schools.  
T
turing, part of ASSA ABLOY, there are designs that can help increase the  
multiple options that can be used in level of security.  
“As daylighting is a growing trend,  
we will also see a growth in glass  
schools for security purposes.  
“Panic devices like our PDU 8000 are doors and glass wall systems in this  
The interest in glass has increased designed to allow egress from build- environment,” he says. “It will become  
greatly in schools. Natural daylight im- ings while maintaining a very clean increasingly important to integrate se-  
proves the environment and also the aesthetic. Ensuring people can exit curity devices, systems and monitoring  
learning experience,” says Thompson. a building is just as important—if not into glass wall systems. Wireless tech-  
Security has become paramount as more—than preventing someone from nology and rechargeable power sup-  
the rash of school violence and bul- entering,” says Thompson, who explains plies (such as solar) may become an  
lying has made this issue front and the company spent a lot of time on this important pillar in this area, as well.”  
46  
USGlass, Metal & Glazing | June 2017  
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School Safety  
Knowledge  
is Power  
continued from page 44  
Windows at the Sister Thea Bowman Catholic School were damaged as a  
result of vandalism (before) and were replaced with new windows by Winco  
Windows. The replacements were constructed with Covestro’s Makrolon 15  
polycarbonate sheet, providing vandal resistance while maintaining daylighting  
and an aesthetically pleasing appearance.  
Let the Light Shine In  
tions Niziolek. “It’s a knowledge-based,  
For some,eliminating or minimizing balancedchallengeof understandingwhat  
the amount of glass used in a school all these risks are. You see many people  
may seem like the right answer when promising[certaintypesof performance].  
it comes to protection. This plan of Youneedtounderstandandgobacktosee  
action, however, overlooks one of the whattestsareavailabletosupportthatper-  
most important details about the use formance. I urge caution on schools, and  
of glass—especially in schools.  
There are hundreds of articles on validate what you’re seeing in the perfor-  
the benefits of natural light and stu- mance data,etc.”  
dent performance,” says Gil. “Light Glass and glazing products designed  
the architectural/design community to  
Before  
used to create some form of shelter and daylight have shown increases in for school safety and security will con-  
or safe room inside the school such performance and productivity. That’s tinue to evolve. Increasing the level of  
as a cafeteria or library.  
a primary driver for using glazing in awareness and understanding within  
Somewhere you can hide in case schools.”Next,he says,are the aesthetics. the architectural and design commu-  
“Before, schools could look like bun- nity, as well as with school boards and  
of an attack,” says Gil.  
Niziolek says it’s about a balanced kers, and now we’re creating appealing officials, will play a key role in seeing  
design with the intent to stop an in- buildings,” he says.  
glass remain an important component  
in future schools. n  
truder from getting in.  
Still, the issue is cost.  
What’s most vulnerable? In gen-  
“There’s a trade-off in what you’d like  
eral, the front entry area. Recogniz- to achieve and with the funds that  
ing that as the most vulnerable, look you have,” says Gil.  
around that space—the first floor;  
“In existing or new buildings, in  
E l l e n R o g e r s is the  
editor of USGlass magazine.  
Follow her on Twitter @  
EllenGRogers and like her on  
Facebook at usgellenrogers  
to receive updates.  
look at the glazing on the first floor. general,there’s a lot of glazing that pro-  
This helps you balance budgets a lit- vides students the daylight,which has a  
tle more,” he says. “If the first floor positiveeffect[onthelearningenviron-  
is secure, you may not need [these ment].So how do we keep that with the  
products] on the other floors.”  
safety and security elements?” ques-  
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June 2017 | USGlass, Metal & Glazing  
47  

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